OPSC Civil Services Syllabus & Exam Pattern PDF: The Odisha Public Service Commission has released OPSC Civil Services Syllabus on its Official Web portal @ opsc.gov.in. The OPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern is uploaded on this page for the sake of the Candidates. The Candidates who had applied for OPSC Jobs and preparing for Civil Services Exam 2022 should check this article for OPSC Syllabus and test pattern PDF. Here we have uploaded the Subject Wise Syllabus and Detailed Exam Pattern to help the Aspirants in their Exam Preparation. So all the Applicants are advised to read this article completely and Download the OPSC Civil Services Syllabus and Exam Pattern for the Below Section for free of cost. For more jobs in Government Sector, Click Here.
- OPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2022 Overview:-
- OPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern 2022
- Download OPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2022 PDF
OPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2022 Overview:-
|Name of the Organization||Odisha Public Service Commission|
|Exam Name||Civil Services Examination 2022|
|Category||Civil Services Syllabus|
OPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern 2022
Here we have uploaded the OPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern 2021. The exam will be conducted in 3 Sections. Preliminary Examination, Main Examination and Interview. Here we have updated the OPSC Prelims Exam Pattern and Civil Services Mains Exam Pattern along with OPSC CSE Syllabus PDF. So all the Aspirants who have been preparing for OPSC Civil Services should check this article completely and Download the Syllabus now.
OPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam Pattern 2022
|1||General Studies I||200|
|2||General Studies II||200|
- The questions will be Objective Type Multiple Choice Questions.
- Time Duration for Each Paper is Two Hours.
OPSC Civil Services Mains Exam Pattern 2021
Download OPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2022 PDF
Preliminary Examination Syllabus:-
OPSC General Studies Paper-I Syllabus:-
- Current event of National and International Importance.
- History of India and Indian National Movement.
- Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
- General Science.
- Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiative, etc.
- General Issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change that do not require subject specialization.
- Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
- General Science
General Studies Paper-II:
- Interpersonal Skills including communication skills
- Logical Reasoning and Analytic ability
- Decision Making and Problem Solving
- General Mental Ability
- Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude) (Class-X level). Data interpretation (Charts, Graphs, Tables, Data Sufficiency, etc. – Class-X level)
- English Language Comprehension Skills (Class-X level).
Main Examination Syllabus:-
- Precis Writing.
- Translation from English to Odia.
- Essay Writing.
- Expansion of an idea.
- Translation from Odia to English.
- Essay Writing.
- Precis Writing.
- Expansion of an idea.
Candidates will have to write Essay on specific topics. The Choice of the subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely of the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely.
General Studies Paper-I:
- History of Modern India and Indian Culture
(i) History of India since 1857
(ii) Important personalities who shaped the Freedom Movements in Odisha and India
(iii) Social Reform Movements
(b) Indian culture will cover the following:
(i) Indian culture from ancient times to modern times
(ii) Temple architecture of Odisha
(iii) Socio-cultural developments in Odisha
- The geography of India will cover the following:
(i) Physical, the economic and social geography of India
(ii) Odisha’s Physiography and Drainage system
(iii) Odisha’s Natural Resources – Water, forest and minerals
- Indian Polity will include the following:
(i) Constitution of India
(ii) Political system of India
(iii) Government and politics in Odisha
(iv) Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in Odisha
- Current National issues and topics of social relevance:
This part is intended to test the candidate’s awareness of current national issues and topics of social relevance in present-day India, such as:
(i) Demography & Human Resource Development
(ii) Behavioural & Social issues and Social Welfare problems: Child labour, gender inequality, adult literacy, rehabilitation of the handicapped and other deprived segments of society, drug abuse, public health, education, and unemployment.
- Legal and environmental issues:
(i) Human Rights
(ii) Corruption in public life
(iii) Communal harmony
(iv) Protection of minorities
(v) Internal security and related issues
(vi) Environment and ecological issues: ecological preservation, conservation of natural resources and national heritage
(vii) Role of national institutions, their relevance and need for change
General Studies Paper-II
The syllabus for General Studies Paper-II is as follows:
- India and the World:
(i) Foreign Affairs
(ii) External security and related matters
(iii) Nuclear policy
(iv) Indians abroad
- Indian Economy:
(i) Planning, economic development, economic reforms and development of the Corporate Sector in India
(ii) Economic and Trade issues
(iii) Foreign trade
(iv) Role and functions of IMF, World Bank and WTO V Reserve
Bank of India – its role and functions
(i) Odishan Economy: Development during the Post Reform Period.
(ii) Regional disparity
- International Affairs & Institutions:
(i) Important events in world affairs
(ii) International institutions like UN, ILO, EU, SAARC, WHO, ICJ
- Developments in science & technology, communications, and space: The questions in this section will test candidates’ awareness of the developments in the field of science & technology, communications, space, and basic ideas of the computer.
- Statistical Analysis, Graphs & Diagrams: This part will include exercises to test the candidates’ ability to draw common-sense conclusions from information presented in graphical, statistical, or diagrammatic form and point out deficiencies, limitations or inconsistencies therein. The candidates should also be aware of the techniques of counting and elementary probability.
- Agricultural Engineering
- Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
- Civil Engineering
- Commerce & Accountancy
- Electrical Engineering
- Fisheries Engineering.
- Home Science.
- Indian Language & Literature (anyone) – Urdu, English, Persian, Oriya, Sanskrit, Hindi
- Mechanical Engineering
- Public Administration
- Political Science & International Relations
Optional Examination Syllabus:
Total number of questions in the optional paper will be eight. All questions carry equal marks. Each part will be divided into two sections. Part A and Part B will contain four questions. One question will be mandatory in each section. Candidates will require to answer three more questions from the remaining available six questions.
Cropping pattern in different agro -climatic zones of the country. Crop diversification. Impact of high-yielding and short-duration varieties on shifts in cropping pattern. Concepts of multiple cropping, multistorey, relay and inter-cropping, and their importance in relation to food production. Package of practices of cereals, pulses, oil seeds, fibers, sugar, tuber and fodder crops grown during Kharif and Rabi seasons in different regions of the country. Organic farming – principles and practices.
Water-use efficiency in relation to crop production, criteria for scheduling irrigation, ways and means of reducing run-off losses of irrigation water. Drip and sprinkler irrigation. Drainage of water-logged soils, quality of irrigation water, effect of industrial effluents on soil and water pollution.
Weeds, their characteristics, dissemination and association with various crops; their multiplication; cultural, biological and chemical control of weeds.
Important features, scope and propagation of various types of forestry plantations such as extension, social forestry, agro-forestry, and natural forests.
Soil-physical, chemical and biological properties. Processes and factors of soil formation. Modern classification of Indian soils. Mineral and organic constituents of soils and their role in maintaining soil productivity. Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial elements in soils and plants. Principles of soil fertility and its evaluation for judicious fertilizer use. Integrated nutrient management. Losses of nitrogen in soil, nitrogen-use efficiency in submerged rice soils, nitrogen fixation in soils. Fixation of phosphorus and potassium in soils and the scope for their efficient use. Problem soils and their management.
Soil conservation planning on watershed basis. Erosion and run-off management in hilly, foot hills, and valley lands; processes and factors affecting them. Dryland agriculture and its problems. Technology for stabilising agricultural production in rainfed areas.
Ecology and its relevance to man. Biodiversity – natural resources, their sustainable management and conservation. Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution and production. Climatic elements as factors of crop growth. Impact of changing environment on cropping pattern as indicators of environments. Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animals, and humans.
Farm management, scope, importance and characteristics, farm planning and budgetting. Economics of different types of farming systems and factors affecting it. Marketing and pricing of agricultural inputs and outputs, price fluctuation and their cost; role of co-operatives in agricultural economy. Agriculture export zone. World Trade Organisation, General Agreement on Trade and Tariff, Intellectual Property Rights in relation to agriculture.
Agricultural extension, its importance and role, methods of evaluation of extension programmes, socio-economic survey and status of big, small, and marginal farmers and landless agricultural labourers; farm mechanization and i t s role in agricultural production and rural employment. Training programmes for extension workers. Institution village linkage programme.
Cell theory, structure, organells and their function. Cell division, nucleic acids structure and function, gene structure and function. Laws of heredity, their significance in plant breeding. Chromosome structure, chromosomal aberrations, linkage and cross-over, and their significance in recombination breeding. Polyploidy-euploid and aneuploids. Induction of mutation – micro- and macro-mutation and their role in crop improvement.
Variation, components of variation, heritability, sterility and incompatibility and their application in crop improvement. Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked, sex-influenced and sex-limited characters.
History of plant breeding. Modes of reproduction, selfing and crossing techniques. Origin and evolution of crop plants, centre of origin, law of homologous series. Plant biodiversity – crop genetic resources conservation and utilization. Application of principles of plant breeding to the improvement of major field crops. Pureline, pedigree, mass and recurrent selections. Combining ability, its significance in plant breeding. Hybrid vigour and its exploitation, backcross method of breeding, breeding for disease and pest resistance, role of interspecific and intergeneric hybridization. Role of biotechnology in plant breeding-tissue culture and molecular approach. Improved varieties, hybrids, composites of various crop plants.Seed technology, its importance. Different kinds of seeds. Seed production and processing techniques. Role of public and private sectors in seed production, processing and marketing in India.
Plant physiology and its significance in agriculture. Imbibition, surface tension, diffusion and osmosis. Absorption and translocation of water, transpiration and water economy. Enzymes and plant pigments; photosynthesis-modern concepts and factors affecting the process, aerobic and anaerobic respiration; C3, C4 and CAM mechanisms. Carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Growth and development; photoperiodism and vernalization. Auxins, hormones, and other plant regulators and their mode of action and importance in agriculture. Physiology of seed development and germination; dormancy.
Climatic requirement and cultivation of major fruits, vegetable crops and flower and ornamental plants. Dryland and Hightech horticulture. Handling and marketing problems of fruit and vegetables. Methods of preservation of important fruits and vegetable products, processing techniques and equipment. Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutriton. Land scaping – design and layout of lawns and gardens.
Diseases and pests of field crops, vegetables, orchard and plantation crops of India. Causes and classification of plant pests and diseases. Principles of control of plant pests and diseases. Biological control of pests and diseases. Integrated pest and disease management. Epidemiology and forecasting of diseases and pest. Pesticides, their formulations and mode of action. Compatibility with rhizobial inoculants. Microbial toxins. Storage pests and diseases of cereals, oilseeds and pulses and their control. Commercial cultivation of mushroom and bee keeping.
Food production and consumption trends in India. National and international food policies. Production, procurement, distribution and processing constraints. Relation of food production to national dietary pattern. Protein – calorie malnutrition.
Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science syllabus:
- Energy sources, energy, metabolism and requirements for maintenance and production of milk, meat, egg and wool. Evaluation of feeds as source of energy.
- Trends in protein nutrition: sources, protein metabolism and synthesis, protein quantity and quality in relation to requirements. Energy protein ratios in ration.
- Minerals in animal diet : Sources, functions, requirements and their relationship of the basic mineral nutrients including trace elements.
- Vitamins, Hormones and Growth Stimulating, substances : Sources, functions, requirements and inter-relationship with minerals.
- Advances in Ruminant Nutrition – Dairy Cattle: Nutrients and their metabolism with reference to milk production and its composition. Nutrient requirements for calves, heifers, dry and milking cows and buffaloes. Limitations of various feeding systems.
- Advances in Non-Ruminant Nutrition – Poultry : Nutrients and their metabolism with reference to poultry for meat and egg production. Nutrient requirements and feed formulation for layers and broilers at different ages.
- Advances in Non-Ruminant Nutrition – Swine : Nutrients and their metabolism with special reference to growth and quality of meat production. Nutrient requirement and feed formulation for piglets, growing and finishing pigs.
- Advances in Applied Animal Nutrition – A critical review and evaluation of feeding experiments, digestibility and balance studies. Feeding standards and measures of food energy. Nutritional requirements for growth, maintenance and production. Balanced rations.
- Growth and Animal Production: Prenatal and postnatal growth, maturation, growth curves, measures of growth, factors affecting growth, conformation, body composition, meat quality.
- Milk Production and Reproduction: Current status of hormonal control of mammary development, milk secretion and milk ejection. Male and Female reproductive organs, their components and functions. Repeat breeding. Pregnancy diagnosis. Prolapse of reproductive organs. Digestive organs and their functions.
- Environmental Physiology : Physiological relations and their regulation; mechanisms of adaptation, environmental factors and regulatory mechanism involved in animal behaviour. Methods of controlling climatic stress.
- Semen quality: Preservation and Artificial Insemination-Components of semen and spermatozoa, chemical and physical properties of ejaculated semen, factors affecting semen in vivo and in vitro. Factors affecting semen production and quality. Preservation of semen. C omposition of diluents, sperm concentration, transport of diluted semen. Deep Freezing techniques of semen. Detection of oestrus and time of insemination for better conception.
Livestock Production and Management:
Commercial Dairy Farming – Comparison of dairy farming in India with advanced countries. Dairying under mixed farming and as a specialised farming, economic dairy farming. Starting of a dairy farm. Capital and land requirement, organisation of the dairy farm. Procurement of inputs. O pportunities in dairy farming, factors determining the efficiency of dairy animal, Herd recording, budgeting, cost of milk production; pricing
policy; personnel Management. Developing Practical and Economic ration for dairy cattle; supply of greens throughout the year, feeds and fodder requirements of Dairy Farm. Feeding regimes for dry and young stock and bulls, heifers and milch animals, new trends in feeding young and adult stock; Feeding records. Age estimation through dentition.
Commercial meat, egg and wool production: Development of practical and economic rations for sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits and poultry. Supply of dry and green fodders, feeding regimens for young and mature stock. New trends in management for enhancing production. Capital and land requirements. Socio-economic concept.
Feeding and management of animals under draught, flood and other natural calamities.
Genetics and Animal Breeding:
Mendelian inheritance; deviations to Mendelian laws. Expression of genes; Linkage and crossing over; Sex determination, sex influenced and sex limited characters; Blood groups and polymorphism; Chromosome aberrations; Gene and its structure; DNA as a genetic material; Genetic code and protein synthesis; Recombinant DNA technology, Mutations and types of mutations, methods for detecting
mutations and rate of mutation.
Population Genetics applied to Animal Breeding: Quantitative and qualitative traits, Hardy Weinberg Law; Population Vs. individual; Gene and genotype frequency, Forces changing gene frequency; Random drift and small populations; Theory of path coefficient; Inbreeding; methods of estimating inbreeding coefficient, systems of inbreeding; Effective population size, Breeding value, estimation of breeding value, dominance and epistatic interactions, partitioning of variation; Genotype and environment correlation, genotype x environment interaction; Role of multiple measurements, Resemblance between relatives.
Heritability, repeatability, genetic and phenotypic correlations, their methods of estimation and precision of estimates; Aids to selection and their relative merits; Individual, pedigree, family and within family selection; Progeny testing; methods of selection; construction of selection indices and their uses; comparative evaluation of genetic gains through various selection methods; Indirect selection and correlated response; Inbreeding, upgrading, cross-breeding and synthesis of breeds; Crossing of inbred lines for commercial production; Selection for general and specific combining ability; open nucleus breeding system, synthetic population.
Health and Hygiene
Histology and Histological Techniques: Methods of preparation and processing of tissues for histological examination. Microscopy – Bright field microscope and electron microscope. Cytology – structure of cell, organells and inclusions; cell division-cell types-Tissues and their classification-embryonic and adult tissues. Comparative histology of organs- vascular, nervous, digestive, respiratory, musculo-skeletal and urogenital systems, Endocrine glands, Integuments, sense organs.
Embryology: Embryology of vertebrates with special reference to aves and domestic mammals-gametogenesis-fertilization-germ layers-foetal membranes and placentation. T ypes of placenta in domestic mammals. Teratology-twin and twinning, organogenesis -germ layer derivatives -endodermal, mesodermal and ectodermal derivatives.
Bovine Anatomy-Regional Anatomy: Paranasal sinuses of ox-surface anatomy of salivary glands. Regional anatomy of intraorbital, maxillary, mandibuloalveolar, mental and coronal nerve block-Regional anatomy of paravertebral nerves, pudental nerve, median, ulnar and radial nerves-tibial, fibular and digital nerves-Cranial nerves-structures involved in epidural anaesthesia-superficial lymph nodes-surface anatomy of visceral organs of thoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities-comparative features of locomotor apparatus and their application in the biomechanics of mammalian body.
Anatomy of Fowls: Musculo-skeletal system-functional anatomy in relation to respiration and flying, digestion and egg production.
Physiology of blood and its circulation, respiration, excretion, Endocrine glands in health and disease.
Blood constituents : Properties and functions-blood cell formation-Haemoglobin synthesis and chemistry-plasma protein production, classification and properties; coagulation of blood; Haemorrhagic disorders-anticoagulants-blood groups-Blood volume-Plasma expanders-Buffer systems in blood. Biochemical tests and their significance in disease diagnosis.
Circulation: Physiology of heart, cardiac cycle, heart sounds, heart beat, electrocardiograms, Work and efficiency of heart, effect of ions on heart function, functions of cardiac muscle, nervous and chemical regulation of heart, effect of temperature and stress on heart, blood pressure and hypertension, Osmotic regulation, arterial pulse, vasomotor regulation of circulation, shock. Coronary and pulmonary circulation, Blood-Brain barrier.
Respiration : Mechanism of respiration, Transport and exchange of gases, neural control of respiration, chemoreceptors, hypoxia, respiration in birds.
Excretion: Structure and function of kidney, formation of urine, methods of studying renal function, renal regulation of acid-base balance, physiological constituents of urine, renal failure, passive venous congestion. Urinary excretion in chicken, Sweat glands and their function. Biochemical tests for urinary dysfunction.
Endocrine gland: Functional disorders, their symptoms and diagnosis. Synthesis of hormones, mechanism and control of secretion, hormonal receptors, classification and function.
General knowledge of pharmacology and therapeutics of drugs : Celluar level of pharmacodynamics and pharmaco-kinetics. Drugs acting on fluids and electrolyte balance. Drugs acting on Autonomic nervous system. Modern concepts of anaesthesia and dissociative anaesthetics. Autocoids. Antimicrobials and principles of chemotherapy in microbial infections. Use of hormones in therapeutics. C hemotherapy of parasitic infections. Drugs and thier residues in the edible tissues of animals. Chemotherapy of neoplastic diseases.
Veterinary Hygiene with reference to water, air and habitation: Assessment of pollution of water, air and soil. Importance of climate in animal health. Effect of environment on animal function and performance. R elationship between industrialization and animal agriculture. Animal housing requirements for specific categories of domestic animals, viz., pregnant cows, milking cows, broiler birds, and sows-stress, strain & productivity in relation to animal habitation.
Veterinary Public Health
Zoonoses: Classification, definition; role of animals and birds in prevalence and transmission of zoonotic diseases-occupational zoonotic diseases.
Epidemiology: Principles, definition of epidemiological terms, application of epidemiological measures in the study of diseases and disease control, Epidemiological features of air, water and food borne infections.
Veterinary Jurisprudence : Rules and Regulations of animal quarantine. Prevention of animal diseases. State Rules for prevention of animal and animal product borne diseases, S.P. C.A., veterolegal cases-certificates-Materials and Methods of collection of samples for veterolegal investigation.
Extension: Basic philosophy, objectives, concept and principles of extension.
Different Methods adopted to educate farmers under rural conditions. Generation of technology, its transfer and feedback. Constraints in transfer of technology. Animal husbandry programmes for rural development.
- Pathogenesis, symptoms, postmortem lesions, diagnosis and control of infectious diseases of cattle, pigs, poultry, horses, sheep and goats.
- Etiology, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment of production diseases of cattle, pig and poultry.
- Deficiency diseases of domestic animals and birds.
- Diagnosis and treatment of nonspecific condition like Impaction, Bloat, Diarrhoea, Indigestion, dehydration, stroke, poisioning.
- Diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders.
- Principles and methods of immunisation of animals against specific diseases-herd immunity-disease free zones-‘zero’ disease concept-chemoprophylaxis.
- Anaesthesia-local, regional and general-pre-anaesthetic medication, Symptoms and surgical interference in fractures and dislocation, Hernia, choke, abomasal displacementCaesarian operations, Rumenotomy, Castrations.
- Surgical manipulations of luxation of patella and urinary obstructions. Disease investigation techniques- collection of Materials for laboratory investigationEstablishment of Animal Health Centres-Procedure of despatching materials for lab investigation.
Milk and Milk Products Technology:
Organization of rural milk procurement, collection and transport of raw milk. Quality, testing and grading raw milk, Quality storage, Grades of whole milk, Skimmed milk and cream. Processing, packaging, storing, distributing and marketing of milk. Defects and their
control, Nutritive properties of the following types of milk : Pasteurized, standardized, toned, double toned, sterilized, homogenized, reconstituted, recombined and flavoured milk. Preparation of milk cultures and their management, youghurt, Dahi, Lassi and Srikhand. Preparation of flavoured and sterlized milk. Legal standards, Sanitation requirement for clean and safe milk and milk plant equipments.
Milk Products Technology:
Selection of raw materials, assembling, production, processing, storing, distributing and marketing of milk products such as Butter, Ghee, Khoa, Chenna, Cheese; Condensed, evaporated, dried milk and baby food; Ice cream and Kulfi; by products; whey products, butter milk, lactose and casein. Testing, Grading, Judging of milk products-BIS and Agmark specifications, legal standards, quality control and nutritive properties. Packaging, processing and operational costs.
Meat Hygiene and Technology :
Meat Hygiene :
Ante-mortem care and management of food animals, stunning, slaughter and dressing operations; abattoir requirements and designs; Meat inspection procedures and judgement of carcass meat cuts-grading of carcass meat cuts-duties and functions of Veterinarians in wholesome meat production.
Hygienic methods of handling meat-spoilage of meat and control measures-Post slaughter physicochemical changes in meat and factors that influence them-Quality improvement methods-Adulteration of meat and detection-Regulatory provisions in Meat trade and Industry.
6.2.1 Physical and chemical characteristics of meat-meat emulsions-methods of preservation of meat-curing, canning, irradiation, packaging of meat and meat products; Meat products and their formulations.
Slaughter house by-products and their utilisation-Edible and inedible
by-products-social and economic implications of proper utilisation of slaughter house byproducts- Organ products for food and pharmaceuticals.
Poultry Products Technology:
Chemical composition and nutritive value of poultry meat, pre-slaughter care and management. Slaughtering techniques, inspection, preservation of poultry meat and products. Legal and BIS standards. Structure, composition and nutritive value of eggs. Microbial spoilage. Preservation and maintenance. Marketing of poultry meat, eggs and products.
Rabbit/Fur Animal farming :
Care and management of rabbits. Disposal and utilization of fur and wool and recycling of waste by-products.
Agriculture Engineering Syllabus
Chain survey, compass survey, plain table survey, computation of area, levelling, contour survey, land levelling, design, methods, earth work computation, land grading, land shaping, layout of fields, irrigation and drainage systems planning.
Fluid mechanics and irrigation:
Hydraulics of flow, open channel flow, steady and unsteady, uniform and non uniform, laminar and turbulent, Reynold’s number, Froude number, critical depth, hydraulic jump, Chezy’s and Manning’s formula. Soil-water-plant relationship, soil moisture types and its measurement, movement of water in soil, evaporation, transpiration, evapotranspiration, water requirement of crops, filed capacity, wilting point, available soil moisture, consumptive use-methods of estimation, irrigation efficiencies, irrigation scheduling, irrigation methodsgravity and pressure irrigation systems and their adoptability, micro irrigation system, measurements of irrigation water, irrigation planning and farm water management, earthen channel, lined channel, lining materials, culverts, inverted siphons, under ground pipe irrigation management, participatory irrigation management, irrigation pumps types and suitability, selection of pumps installation of pumps, care and maintenance of pumps.
Water logging problems in crops, drainage co-efficient, role of drainage in cropped area, drainage investigation and selection, open drains on farm, field surface drainage, sub-surface drainage systems, pipe drainage interceptor drain, mole drain, tubewell drainage, bio drainage, saturated hydraulic conductivity, salinity control and drainage water-utilization.
Groundwater & surface hydrology; wells and pumps:
Hydrologic cycle measurement of rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, estimation of runoff, factors affecting runoff, computation of volume of runoff and peak flow, unit hydrograph. Occurrence of ground water and its; movement, aquifer types, well screens, gravel packing, radius of influence, transmissibility, basin-wide ground water development, ground water recharge, artificial recharge, ground water investigation, well hydraulics, types of shallow and deep tube wells, their method of construction, design of tube wells and open wells, multiple well systems, boring and deepening of open wells, sealing of brackish and saline aquifer horizons, well development, draw down-yield relationship.
Soil conservations and Watershed Management:
Soil erosion, types, factors affecting different kinds of crosion, methods to control soil crosion-biological control measures, contour farming, strip cropping, mixed cropping, inter cropping, mulching, mechanical control measures-their suitability for different conditions-design of contour ditches, contour bunds, graded bunds, bench terraces, contour stone wall-gully control structures vegetative control method-brush dams, loose rock dam, drop spillway, chute spillway and drop inlet spillway, universal soil loss equation, vegetated waterways-its design. Watershed concept, land capacity classification, objectives of watershed management-selection of priority areas, management of natural resources, water harvesting, farm pond, percolation pond, runoff, farming systems, catchment area treatments, watershed-based soil and water conservation, integrated watershed development, role of remote sensing and GIS in watershed planning, development and evaluation.
Building Materials, bearing capacity of soil, factor of safety, types of masonary foundations, basement and superstructure, types of roofs, building plan and estimation, planning of farmstead and farm residence, farm fencing, farm gates, farm roads, dairy farm, poultry house and equipments, silo, feed storage structure, grain storage structure, storage structure for semi-perishables, threshing floor, drying floors, storage structure for
fertilizer and seeds.
Farm Power and Machinery:
Agricultural mechanization and its scope. Sources of farm power. History of tractor development. Thermodynamic-cycles, Thermal efficiency, classification, construction and working principles of internal combustion (IC) engines, fuels, ignition, lubrication, cooling, governing system of I.C. engines, Different types of tractors and Power tillers, their manufacturers in India & their specifications, power transmission, ground drive, power take off (PTO), differential and control systems. Operation and maintenance of farm machinery, farm tractor and engines. Traction theory, mechanics of farm tractor chassis, weight transfer, human factors in tractor design. Different methods of locating C.G. of tractor. Primary and secondary tillage equipments. Sowing planting, inter culture, spraying, dusting, harvesting and threshing equipments. Mowers and combines. Earthmoving and land development machinery like scrapers, draglines, bulldozers and power buckets. Dynamometers their types and principles of prony brake
dynamometer used for power measurement, cost estimation for hiring of tractors. Ergonomics of man-machine-system. Haulage of agricultural and forest produce, land clearing.
Energy requirements in agricultural, different renewable energy sources, energy from the sun and wind, biomass gasification, producer gas and bio-gas for running I.C. engines and for electric power generation. Energy efficient cooking stoves and alternate cooking fuels, use of electricity for agriculture and agro industrial application.
Agricultural Process Engineering:
Post Harvest Technology of crops and its scope, unit operations in processing of cereals, oil seeds and pulses. Working principles of equipments for milling, mixing, cleaning, grading, drying and storage of cereals, pulses and oil seeds, moisture content determination, physical properties, psychometry , energy and material balance, solvent extraction, process flowchart, properties of fruits and vegetables, food texture and theology, process parameters and equipment for sorting, washing, handling, peeling, slicing, blanching, mixing and handling, chilling, packaging, transportation, storage and preservation technology, properties of diary and food products. Process flow chart for product manufacturing. Working principles of equipments for receiving, pasteurization, sterilization, homogenization, filling and packaging, butter manufacturing, evaporation, drying, freezing, juice extraction, filtration, thermal processing. Material handling equipments – belt and screw conveyors, bucket elevators, their capacity and power requirement. Application for computer techniques in design optimization. Waste and byproduct utilization of rice husk, rice bran, plant residues and coir pith.
Electronics and Instrumentation:
Electronic devices and their characteristics, study of rectifiers, amplifiers, Oscillators, operational amplifiers, multivibrators, Digital circuit, sequential and combinational systems. Introduction to micro processor. Programming of micro processors and data acquisition and control of Agricultural Engineering processes. Generalized instrumentation system. Absolute and secondary measurements. Accuracy, precision, sensitivity and errors in measurements. Primary sensors and transducers, measuring instruments for current, voltage, electrical power flow, pressure, temperature, humidity, strain, force, torque and energy.
Home Science Syllabus
- Study of Foods: Importance, Composition, nutritive value of Cereals, Pulses, Vegetables and Fruits, Fleshy foods (Meat, Fish, Poultry, Egg), Milk & Milk products, Fats and oils.
- Study of Nutrients: Classification, sources, function, requirement and deficiencies of Proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates, Minerals, Vitamins, Water and Roughages.
- Utilization of Food: Digestion, absorption and metabolism of Proteins, Fat and Carbodhydrates. Basal metabolism and factors affecting Basal metabolism methods of measurement of Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), Total energy requirement and factors affecting requirement.
- Therapeutic Nutrition: Therapeutic adoption of normal diets, Factors to be considered in planning therapeutic diets. Dietary management in case of Diabetes, Nephritis, Peptic ulcer, Hypertension, Atherosclerosis, Liver Cirrhosis and hepatitis.
- Food spoilage: Causes of food spoilage and food contamination. Food adulteration and food poisoning measuring quality of food, control of food quality (Codex Alimentarius, Bureau of Indian standards(BIS) FPO, Ag mark, ISI).
- Malnutrition: Causes and effect of malnutrition on the vulnerable section of the society, effect of malnutrition on national development. Measures to combat malnutrition – National nutrition policy and programmes. Role of ICDS, WHO, UNICEF, NIN, NFI, CFTRI, FTRI, NNMB in combating malnutrition.
- Basis of human development How life begins, role of genetic and environment factors affecting human development, stages and factors affecting pre-natal growth and development.
- Development of children (0-5 years): Physical and Motor development, Intellectual development (Piaget’s stages of development) Development of emotion.
- Development of children (0-5 years): Speech development, Social development, Personality development (Role of family, School, Community and Mass Media).
- Exceptional Children: Meaning, Classification of exceptional children. Management and care of Gifted, Mentally and Physically challenged and Sensory impaired children.
- Adolescent Development: Physical and sexual development, Social and Emotional changes, Development of aspiration and achievement, Personality development and Family relationships.
- Family life cycle: Significance, stages and developmental task and problems associated with each stages of family life cycle. Contemporary family problems Marital problems, Financial, Sickness, Accidents, Dowry, Divorce, Old age, Employed Women. Strengthening families through counseling.
- Management of family Resources: Time management – Time demand during life cycle, Tools in time management, Leisure time, factors to be considered in making time plan. Energy management – Relation of energy to stages of family life cycle, energy cost of household tasks, work simplification techniques.
- Money management: Family income, stages of family life cycle and use of money, budgeting, saving and investing the money for future. Supplementing family income.
- Housing and Interior decoration: Selection of site, house layout, floor plans, space distribution with reference to activities, building components and materials. Furnishing : types (furniture, curtains and draperies, wall treatment, floor covering, upholstery, lighting), planning, obtaining information, evaluating cost, principles of interior designing followed in furnishing the house.(ii) Textile and clothing –
- Textile fibers : Classification of textile fibers, according sources and chemical composition, manufacturing process, physical, chemical and other properties of Cotton, Wool, Silk. Rayon, Acrylic, Polyester.
- Fiber to Fabric: Construction yarn making process, Types of yarns, fabric construction techniques, Weaving, parts of loom, Types of weaves; Fabric finishes (textural finishes, functional finishes) Different dyeing and printing methods.
- Wardrobe Planning, Colour combination in textile designing, criteria of selection of clothes for different age groups, climatic conditions and occasions for men, women and children.
Extension Education: Concept, philosophy, objectives and scope of extension education. Role and qualities of extension worker. Need for Home-Science Extension Education.
Extension Education & Development: Objectives of Home-Science Extension Education, Development aspects of extension, Extension as a programme and process, Field covered, financing, planning and characteristic of extension.
Programme planning: Meaning, nature, principle and scope of programme planning, steps of making a programme characteristic of a good programme planning programme implementation and evaluation.
Communication in Extension: Importance, elements of Communication, Communication process, Communication models, scope and purpose o f communication, Communication channels.
Community Development: Concept, scope, principles and limitation of Community development and Community Organization, Subject matter of community development. Community Development programmes – objectives, principles and types of community development programmes, Role of Panchayati Raj, Village Schools, Cooperatives, Mahila mandals, Youth and farmers club, Self help Groups, Government and non-Governmental agencies in Extension programmes.
Teaching & Learning in extension: Education, extension teaching methods, classification and selection of appropriate method, feature, advantage and limitation of different methods of teaching (mass, group, individual) Audiovisual aids – planning, selection and types of visual, audio and audio-visual aids contribution of audio-visual aids in extension teaching.
Sample space and events, probability measure and probability space, random variable as a measurable function, distribution function of a random variable, discrete and continuous-type random variable, probability mass function, probability density function, vector-valued random variable, marginal and conditional distributions, stochastic independence of events and of random variables, expectation and moments of a random variable, conditional expectation, convergence of a sequence of random variables in distribution and in probability almost everywhere, their criteria and inter-relations, BorelCantelli lemma, Chebyshev’s and Khinchine‘s weak law of large numbers, strong law of large numbers and Kolmogorov’s theorem, Glivenko-Cantelli theorem.
Probability generating function, characteristic function, inversion theorem, Laplace transform, determination of distribution by its characteristic function, Lindberg and Levy forms of central limit theorem, standard discrete and continuous probability distributions, their inter-relations and limiting cases. (Bernoulli, Binomial, Negative binomial, Poisson, Normal, Cauchy, Beta and Gamma), Exponential family of distributions and their
Linear Models and Multivariate Analysis
Linear statistical models, theory of least squares and analysis of variance, Gauss-Markov theorem, normal equations, least squares estimates and their properties, test of significance and interval estimates based on least squares theory in one-way, two-way and three-way classified data, regression analysis, linear regression, curvilinear regression and orthogonal polynomials, multiple regression, multiple and partial correlations, estimation of variance and covariance components, MINQUE theory.
Multivariate normal distribution, Marginal and conditional distributions, Distributions of linear and quadratic functions of multivariate normal, Independence of the distribution of quadratic functions. Wishart’s distribution, Mahalanobis D2 and Hotelling’s T2 statistics and their applications and properties, discriminant analysis, canonical correlatons, principal component analysis, elements of factor analysis.
Consistency, unbiasedness, efficiency, sufficiency, minimal sufficiency, completeness, ancillary statistic, factorization theorem, derivation of sufficient statistics for the exponential family of distribution, uniformly minimum variance unbiased (UMVU) estimation, Rao-Blackwell and Lehmann-Scheffe theorems, Cramer-Rao inequality for single and several-parameter family of distributions, minimum variance bound estimator and its properties, Chapman-Robbins inequality, Bhattacharya’s bounds, estimation by methods of moments, maximum likelihood, least squares, minimum chi-square and modified minimum chi-square, properties of maximum likelihood estimator, idea of asymptotic efficiency, Loss and Risk functions, idea of prior and posterior distributions, Bayes’ and minimax estimators.
Non-randomised and randomised tests, critical functions, MP tests, Neyman-Pearson lemma, UMP tests, monotone likelihood ratio, generalised Neyman-Pearson lemma, similar regions and unbiased tests, UMPU tests for single and several-parameter families of distributions, likelihood ratio and its large sample properties, chi-square goodness of fit test and its asymptotic distribution. Confidence bounds and its relation with tests. Kolmogorov’s test for goodness of fit and its consistency, sign test, Wilcoxon signedrank test and their consistency, Kolmogorov-Smirnov two-sample test, run test, WilcoxonMann-Whitney U-test and median test, their consistency and asymptotic normality. Wald’s SPRT and its properties, OC and ASN functions, Wald’s fundamental identity, application to Binomial, Poisson and Normal distributions only.
Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments
An outline of fixed-population and super-population approaches, distinctive features of finite population sampling, sampling designs, simple random sampling with and without replacement, stratified random sampling, systematic sampling and its efficiency for structural populations, cluster sampling, two-stage and three-stage sampling, ratio, product and regression methods of estimation involving one or more auxiliary variables, two-phase sampling, probability proportional to size sampling with and without replacement, the Hansen-Hurwitz and the Horvitz-Thompson estimators, non-negative variance estimation with reference to the Horvitz-Thompson estimator, non-sampling errors, Warner’s randomized response technique.
Fixed effect model (one-way and two-way classification), random and mixed effect models (one-way and two-way classification), Basic principles of design, CRD, RBD, LSD and their analyses and efficiencies, missing plot technique, factorial designs: 2n, 32 and 33, confounding in factorial experiments, split-plot, strip-plot and simple lattice designs, incomplete block designs, concepts of orthogonality and balance, BIBD.
Process and product control, general theory of control charts, different types of control charts for variables and attributes, concept of 3s limits, X , R, s, p, np and c charts, cumulative sum chart, V-mask. Single, double, multiple and sequential sampling plans for attributes, OC, ASN, AOQ and ATI curves, concepts of producer’s and consumer’s risks, AQL, LTPD and AOQL, sampling plans for variables, use of Dodge-Romig table.
Concepts of reliability, maintainability and availability, reliability of series and parallel systems, Hazard functions, I.F.R. and D.F.R. distributions survival models (exponential, Weibull, lognormal, Rayleigh, and bath-tub), problems in life-testing, censored and truncated experiments for exponential models.
Quantitative Economics and Official Statistics:
Concept of time series, additive and multiplicative models, Determination of trend, seasonal, cyclical and random components, Box-Jenkins method, tests for stationery of series, ARIMA models and determination of orders of autoregressive and moving average components, forecasting. Commonly used index numbers:- Laspeyre’s, Paasche’s and Fisher’s ideal index numbers, chain-base index number, uses and limitations of index numbers, index number of wholesale prices, consumer price index number, index numbers of agricultural and industrial production, test for index numbers like proportionality test, time-reversal test, factor-reversal test, circular test and dimensional invariance test. General linear model, ordinary least squares and generalised least squares methods of estimation, problem of multicollinearlity, consequences and solutions of multicollinearity, autocorrelation and its consequeces, heteroscedasticity of disturbances and its testing, test for independence of disturbances.
Present official statistical system in India relating to population, agriculture, industrial production, trade and prices, methods of collection of official statistics, their reliability and limitation and the principal publications containing such statistics, various official agencies responsible for data collection and their main functions.
Different types of models in Operational Research, their construction and general methods of solution, simulation and Monte-Carlo methods, the structure and formulation of linear programming (LP) problem, simple LP model and its graphical solution, the simplex procedure, the two-phase method and the M-technique with artificial variables, the duality theory of LP and its economic interpretation, sensitivity analysis, transportation and assignment problems, rectangular games, two-person zero-sum games, methods of solution (graphical and algebraic). Replacement of failing or deteriorating items, group and individual replacement policies, concept of scientific inventory management and analytical structure of inventory problems.
Simple models with deterministic and stochastic demand with and without lead time, storage models with particular reference to dam type. Homogeneous discrete-time Markov chains, simple properties of finite Markov chains, transition probability matrix, classification of states and ergodic theorems, homogeneous continuous-time Markov chains, Poisson process, elements of queueing theory, M/M/1, G/M/1 and M/G/1 queues.
Demography and Psychometry
Demographic data from census, registration, NSS and other surveys, and their limitations and uses; definition, construction and uses of vital rates and ratios, measures of fertility, reproduction rates, morbidity rate, standardized death rate, Infant mortality rate, nuptiality, complete and abridged life tables, construction of life tables from vital statistics and census returns, uses of life tables, logistic and other population growth
curves, fitting of a logistic curve, population projection, stable population quasi-stable population techniques in estimation of demographic parameters, morbidity and its measurement, standard classification by cause of death, health surveys and use of hospital statistics, health statistics.
Methods of standardization of scales and tests, Z-scores, standard scores, T-scores, percentile scores, intelligence quotient and its measurement and uses, validity of test scores and its determination, use of factor analysis and path analysis in psychometry.
1. Atomic structure
Quantum theory, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, Schrodinger wave equation (time independent). Interpretation of wave function, particle in one-dimensional box, quantum numbers, hydrogen atom, wave functions. Shapes of s, p, d and forbitals.
2. Chemical bonding
Ionic bond, characteristics of ionic compounds, factors affecting stability of ionic compounds, lattice energy, Born-Haber cycle; covalent bond and its general characteristics, polarities of bonds in molecules and their dipole moments. Valence Bond Theory (VBT), concept of resonance and resonance energy. Molecular Orbital Theory (MOT); bonding in homonuclear diatomic molecules: H2 U H2 to Ne2 , MOT treatment of NO, CO, HF, CN, CNU , BeH2 and CO2 . Comparison of VBT and MOT, bond order, bond strength, bond length, dipole moment.
3. Solid State
Forms of solids, law of constancy of inter facial angles, crystal systems and crystal classes (crystallographic groups). Designation of crystal faces, lattice structures and unit cell. Laws of rational indices. Bragg’s law. X-ray diffraction by crystals. Close packing, radious-ratio rules, calculation of some limiting radius-ratio values. Structures of NaCl, ZnS, CsCl, CaF2 , CdI2 and rutile. Defects in crystals, stoichiometric and
nonhstoichiometric defects, impurity defects, semi-conductors. Elementary study of liquid crystals.
4. The gaseous state
Equation of state for real gases, intermolecular interactions, liquefaction of gases and critical phenomena, Maxwell’s distribution of speeds, intermolecular collisions, collisions on the wall and effusion.
5. Thermodynamics and statistical thermodynamics
First law of thermodynamics, and heat absorbed in different types of processes; calorimetry, energy and enthalpy changes in various processes and their temperature dependence. Second law of thermodynamics; entropy as a state function, entropy changes in various processes, entropy–reversibility and irreversibility. Nernst heat theorem and third law of thermodynamics. Micro and macro states; canonical ensemble and canonical partition function; electronic, rotational and vibrational partition functions and thermodynamic quantities; chemical equilibrium in ideal gas reactions.6. Phase equilibria and solutions Phase equilibria in pure substances; phase diagram for a pure substance; phase equilibria in binary systems, partially miscible liquids–upper and lower critical solution temperatures; partial molar quantities, their significance and determination; excess thermodynamic functions and their determination.
Debye-Huckel theory of strong electrolytes and Debye-Huckel limiting Law for various equilibrium and transport properties. Galvanic cells, concentration cells; electrochemical series, measurement of e.m.f. of cells and its applications fuel cells and batteries. Processes at electrodes; double layer at the interface; rate of charge transfer, current density; overpotential; electroanalytical techniques–voltameter, polarography,
amperometry, cyclic-voltametry, ion-selective electrodes and their use.
8. Chemical kinetics
Concentration dependence of rate of reaction; defferential and integral rate equations for zeroth, first, second and fractional order reactions. Rate equations involving reverse, parallel, consecutive and chain reactions; effect of temperature and pressure on rate constant. Study of fast reactions by stop-flow and relaxation methods. Collisions and transition state theories.
Absorption of light; decay of excited state by different routes; photochemical reactions between hydrogn and halogens and their quantum yields.
10. Surface phenomena and catalysis
Absorption from gases and solutions on solid adsorbents, adsorption isotherms, Langmuir, Gibbs and Freundlich isotherms; determination of surface area, characteristics and mechanism of reaction on heterogeneous catalysts.
11. Bio-inorganic chemistry
Metal ions in biological systems and their role in ion-transport across the membranes (molecular mechanism), ionophores, photosynthesis–PSI, PSII; nitrogen fixation, oxygen-uptake proteins, cytochromes and ferredoxins.
12. Coordination chemistry
(a) Electronic configurations; introduction to theories of bonding in transition metal complexes. Valence bond theory, crystal field theory and its modifications; applications of theories in the explanation of magnetism and electronic spectra of metal complexes.
(b) Isomerism in coordination compounds. IUPAC nomenclature of coordination compounds; stereochemistry of complexes with 4 and 6 coordination numbers; chelate effect and polynuclear complexes; trans-effect and its theories; kinetics of substitution reactions in square-planar complexes; thermodynamic and kinetic stability of complexes.
(c) Synthesis and structures of metal carbonyls; carboxylate anions, carbonyl hydrides and metal nitrosyl compounds.
(d) Complexes with aromatic systems, synthesis, structure and bonding in metal-olefin complexes, alkyne – complexes and cyclopentadienyl complexes; coordinative unsaturation, oxidative addition reactions, insertion reactions, fluxional molecules and their characterization. Compounds with metal-metal bonds and metal atom clusters.
13. General chemistry of ‘f’ block elements Lanthanides and actinides; separation, oxidation states, magnetic and spectral properties; lanthanide contraction.
14. Non-Aqueous Solvents
Reactions in liquid NH3 , HF, SO2 and H2 SO4 . Failure of solvent system concept, coordination model of non-aqueous solvents. Some highly acidic media, fluorosulphuric acid and super acids.
1. Delocalised covalent bonding:
Aromaticity, anti-aromaticity; Homo- aromaticity, non-aromaticity, annulenes, azulenes, tropolones, kekulene, fulvenes, sydnones.
2(a) Reaction mechanisms: General methods (both kinetic and non-kinetic) of study of mechanism of organic reactions illustrated by examples–use of isotopes, cross-over experiment, intermediate trapping, stereochemistry; energy diagrams of simple organic reactions, transition states and intermediates; energy of activation; thermodynamic control and kinetic control of reactions.
(b) Reactive intermediates : Generation, geometry, stability and reactions of Carbocations, carbanions, free radicals, carbenes, benzynes, nitrenes and enamines..
(c) Substitution reactions : SN1, SN2, SNi, SN’1/, SN’2/, SNi’/ and SRN1 mechanisms; neighbouring group participation; electrophilic and nucleophilic reactions of aromatic compound including simple heterocyclic compounds–pyrrole, furan, thiophene, indole.
(d) Elimination reactions : E1, E2 and E1CB mechanism; orientation in E2 reactions– Saytzeff and Hoffmann; pyrolytic syn elimination–acetate pyrolysis, Chugaev and Cope eliminations.
(e) Addition reactions : Electrophilic addition to C= and CUC, Nucleophilic addition to >C=O, -C=N, conjugated olefins and carbonyls.
(f) Rearrangements : Pinacol-pinacolone, Hoffmann, Beckmann, Baeyer–Villiger, Favorskii, Fries, Claisen, Cope, Stevens and Wagner-Meerwein rearrangements.
3. Pericyclic reactions: Classification and examples; Woodward-Hoffmann rules electro cyclic reactions, cycloaddition reactions [2+2 and 4+2] and sigmatropic shifts [1, 3; 3, 3 and 1, 5], FMO approach.
4. Chemistry and mechanism of reactions : Aldol condensation (including directedaldol condensation), Claisen condensation, Dieckmann, Perkin, Knoevenagel, Wittig, Clemmensen, Wolff-Kishner, Cannizzaro and von Richter reactions; Stobbe, benzoin and acyloin condensations; Fischer indole synthesis, Skraup synthesis, BischlerNapieralski, Sandmeyer, Reimer-Tiemann and Reformatsky reactions.
5. Polymeric Systems
(a) Physical chemistry of polymers : Polymer solutions and their thermodynamic properties; number and weight average molecular weights of polymers. Determination of molecular weights by sedimentation, light scattering, osmotic pressure, viscosity, end group analysis methods.
(b) Preparation and properties of polymers : Organic polymers–polyethylene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride, Teflon, nylon, terylene, synthetic and natural rubber. Inorganic polymers–phosphonitrilic halides, borazines, silicones and silicates.
(c) Biopolymers : Basic bonding in proteins, DNA and RNA.
6. Synthetic uses of reagents : OsO4 , HIO4 , CrO3 , Pb(OAc)4 , SeO2 , NBS, B2 H6 , Na-Liquid NH3 , LiA1H4 NaBH4 n-BuLi, MCPBA.
7. Photochemistry: Photochemical reactions of simple organic compounds, excited and ground states, singlet and triplet states, Norrish-Type I and Norrish-Type II reactions, Photo Fries, di-U-methane rearrangements.
8. Principles of spectroscopy and applications in structure elucidation:
(a) Rotational spectra–diatomic molecules; isotopic substitution and rotational constants.
(b) Vibrational spectra–diatomic molecules, linear triatomic molecules, specific frequencies of functional groups in polyatomic molecules.
(c) Electronic spectra : Singlet and triplet states. n› U * and U U * transitions; application to conjugated double bonds and conjugated carbonyls–Woodward-Fieser rules.
(d) Nuclear magnetic resonance : Isochronous and anisochronous protons; chemical shift and coupling constants; Application of H NMR to simple organic molecules.
(e) Mass spectra : Parent peak, base peak, daughter peak, metastable peak, fragmentation of simple organic molecules, U-cleavage, McLafferty rearrangement
(f) Electron spin resonance : Inorganic complexes and free radicals.
OPSC Civil Services Syllabus & Question Papers 2022:
Odisha Public Service Commission (OPSC) has released the Civil Services Examination Syllabus & Question Papers. Candidates who are preparing for the civil services examination can download the syllabus & Question paper from the below mentioned article. Feel free to download the question papers at free of cost.
|Name of the Examination & Year||Download PDF|
|OCS(2016-2017) (Written Test)- English||Download Here|
|OCS(2016-2017) (Written Test)- English Essay||Download Here|
|OCS(2016-2017) (Written Test)- Odia Language||Download Here|
|OCS(2016-2017) (Prelims Paper-I) – GS||Download Here|
|OCS(2016-2017) (Prelims Paper-II) – GS||Download Here|
|OCS (2018-19) (Written Test) – English||Download Here|
|OCS (2018-19) (Written Test) – English essay||Download Here|
|OCS (2018-19) (Written Test) – Odia Language||Download Here|
|OCS (2018-19) Prelims (GS Paper-I)||Download Here|
|OCS (2018-19) Prelims (GS Paper-II)||Download Here|
|OCS (2020-2021) Prelims (GS Paper-I)||Download Here|
|OCS (2020-2021) Prelims (GS Paper-II)||Download Here|
FAQ’s regarding OPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2022:
What are the posts offered in Civil Services Examination?
The OPSC will conduct the CSE for Group A and Group B posts (Odisha Administrative Service, Odisha Police Service, Odisha Revenue Service, Odisha Taxation & Accounts Service, etc.)
Who will conduct Civil Service Examination State in Odisha and what is the full form of it?
Odisha Public Service Commission (OPSC)
What is the Selection Procedure for OPSC Civils Examination?
Preliminary Exam, Main Examination and Interview.
What is the Official Website of OPSC?
Can Candidates will appear for Main examination without qualifying preliminary exam?
No it is not possible.
Where can i download OPSC Civils Syllabus?
Ap Fa1 Important Questions Papers 2022
|FA1 10th IMP Question Papers 2022||Fa1 9th IMP Question Papers 2022||FA1 8th IMP Question papers 2022|
|Fa1 10th Telugu||Fa1 9th Telugu||Fa1 8th Telugu|
|Fa1 10th Hindi||Fa1 9th Hindi||Fa1 8th Hindi|
|Fa1 10th English||Fa1 9th English||Fa1 8th English|
|Fa1 10th Maths||FA1 9th Maths||FA1 8th Maths|
|Fa1 10th Physics||Fa1 9th Physics||Fa1 8th Physics|
|Fa1 10th Biology||Fa1 9th Biology||Fa1 8th Biology|
|Fa1 10th Social||Fa1 9th Social||Fa1 8th Social|
Candidates can download the syllabus from the official website of OPSC (www.opsc.gov.in) and also from www.careers99.com