UPSC CDS Syllabus 2022 PDF (Updated) Download UPSC Combined Defence Services Exam Pattern @


CDS Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2022 are available on this page for download: The Officials of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will be going to conduct the “Combined Defence Services” (CDS) Examination twice a year. The UPSC CDS Exam will be conducted to recruit candidates for the Indian Military Academy, Officers Training Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Indian Air Force Academy. The UPSC CDS Notification was released and the examination will be conducted soon. Only unmarried graduates are eligible for this exam. So the Candidates who had applied for UPSC CDS Exam 2022 and Preparing fr the Examination can get the Detailed UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Syllabus from this page.

CDS Syllabus 2022 for OTA, INA, IMA, IAFA – Check CDS Exam Pattern

Download CDS Syllabus PDF. Here we can provide the UPSC CDS Syllabus & Exam Pattern in PDF Format. Candidates who want to apply for UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Exam 2022 can check the CDS Eligibility from this page. Click on the below available links to Download UPSC Syllabus 2022. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has recently released a notification for Combined Defence Services (CDS) 2022 Recruitment. The online application process has already been started in June 2022 and it ends in September 2022. CDS recruits unmarried males and females for posting in 3 various Indian defense services. Those are the Indian Military, Navy, and Air Force. UPSC has ensured to conduct the exam at the national level.

Click Here to Download UPSC CDS Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2022 PDF and Previous Question Papers @

UPSC conducts the CDS exam twice every year. The exam will be held in September 2022. So, the aspirants who are willing to start there must have to apply for the exam during the dates of the online application process. Aspirants must visit the official website for more information @

Download CDS Syllabus 2022, Exam Pattern @

UPSC issued the notification of the CDS-II Exam for recruiting candidates in IAF, INA (Ezhimala), IMA (Dehradun), and OTA (Chennai). Before going to the exam all the interested aspirants must have to know the Scheme of the exam & Syllabus to start their preparation and score well in the exam. As per the notice, we updated the Latest Syllabus of the CDS-II Exam 2022 in this article. Contenders can also check all details of the exam here.

(The CDS Syllabus PDF Download link is given at the end of the post)

Highlights of CDS 2022 Examination:

Organizing Body Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Recruitment Name Combined Defence Services (CDS-II) 2022
Exam Mode Offline (Written Test)
Exam Location Across India
Exam Date Updated Soon
Category Syllabus
Official website

Eligibility Criteria for CDS Exam

Candidates must check the Eligibility Criteria which is given below to applying for CDS-II 2022 Exam. The conditions of eligibility are as follows:

Educational Qualification:

Candidates must have completed their Degree/Engineering with Physics and Mathematics at 10+2 level from recognized universities/Institutions.

Age Limit:

  • For INA, IMA, AFA courses the age of candidates should lie b/w 20 to 24 years
  • For Officers’ Training Academy the age limit is 25 years.


  • Candidates must be Indian.

Marital status:

  • Candidates should not be married.

CDS 2022 Age limit:

Name of the Academy Age Limit
Indian Military Academy 19-24 years
Naval Academy 19-25 years
Officers’ Training Academy 19-25 years
Air Force Academy 19-24 years

Application Process:

Aspirants can apply to CDS-II Exam 2022 online. The registration process is as follows:

  • First of all, visit the official website @
  • Now enter your details here
  • Then click on the “Register” button
  • Now the CDS-II 2022 Application Form will have appeared on the screen
  • Enter your details correctly and attach all required documents and a photo & signature
  • Pay the exam fee online during the registration process
  • Now “Submit” the details
  • After completion of the process successfully, download/printout the application form for future reference.

Selection Procedure for CDS 2022:

UPSC has planned to recruit talented candidates for CDS-II Exam 2022. The selection process will be as follows:

  • Written Test
  • Interview for intelligence and personality test

The written exam will be conducted across the country. The candidates who are qualified in the written test will get called for SSB Interview. SSB Selection Process will test the physical and mental ability of the candidate. Selected Candidates will be called for the last step that is document verification followed by a personal interview.

CDS 2022 Exam Pattern/Structure

The CDS-II Exam pattern has comprised in the following way:

The exam will be a written examination.

The subjects of the written examination, the time allowed and the maximum marks allotted to each subject will be as follows:

(a) For Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Air Force Academy:

Subject Name Marks Time duration
English 100 120 Minutes
General Knowledge 100 120 Minutes
Elementary Mathematics 100 120 Minutes
 Total 300

(b) For Officers’ Training Academy:

Subject Name Marks Time duration
English 100 120 Minutes
General Knowledge 100 120 Minutes
 Total 300

The maximum marks allotted to the written examination and to the interviews will be equal for each course i.e. the maximum marks allotted to the written examination and to the interviews will be 300, 300, 300, and 200 each for admission to the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and Officers’ Training Academy respectively.

  • The papers in all the subjects will consist of objective type questions only.
  • The question papers (Test Booklets) of General Knowledge and Elementary Mathematics will be set bilingually in Hindi as well as English.
  • In the question papers, wherever necessary, questions involving the metric system of Weights and Measures only will be set.
  • Candidates must write the papers in their own hand. In no circumstances will they be allowed the help of a scribe to write answers for them.
  • The Commission has the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all the subjects of the examination.
  • The candidates are not permitted to use a calculator for answering objective type papers (Test Booklets). They should not, therefore, bring the same inside the Examination Hall.

CDS 2022 Syllabus in Detail


The standard of the papers in Elementary Mathematics will be of Matriculation level. The standard of papers in other subjects will approximately be such as may be expected of a graduate of an Indian University.



The question paper will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.

Distribution of questions in Topic-wise:

Topic Name Expected Questions Level of Difficulty
Sentence Improvement 20 Easy
Reading Comprehension 23 (5 passages) Easy to Moderate
Synonyms 8 Moderate
Antonyms 7 Easy
One Word Substitution 5 Moderate
Para-Jumble 10 Easy to Moderate
Sentence-Jumble 7 Moderate
Spot the Error 20 Easy
Cloze Test 20 Easy


General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The paper will also include questions on the History of India and Geography of nature which candidates should be able to answer without special study.

Distribution of questions Topic-wise:

Topic Name Expected Questions  Difficulty Level
History 19 Difficult
Science 27 Easy (Concept-based questions)
Geography 22 Moderate (Analytical based questions)
Ecology 06 Moderate (Fact-based questions)
Polity 20 Easy to Moderate
Economy/Trade 11 Moderate (Fact-based questions)
Miscellaneous /Armed Forces 15 Moderate (Fact-based questions)



Number System: Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers.

Fundamental operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions. Unitary method, time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation.

Elementary Number Theory: Division algorithm, Prime, and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11, Multiples and factors, Factorisation Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M., Euclidean algorithm. Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables.


Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M., Theory of polynomials, solutions of quadratic equations, the relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered). Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns—analytical and graphical solutions. Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions. Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions. Set language and set notation, Rational expressions, and conditional identities, Laws of indices.


Sine ×, cosine ×, Tangent × when 0° < × < 90° Values of sin ×, cos ×, and tan ×, for ×

= 0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, and 90°

Simple trigonometric identities, Use of trigonometric tables, Simple cases of heights and distances.


Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on

  • Properties of angles at a point,
  • Parallel lines,
  • Sides and angles of a triangle
  • Congruency of triangles
  • Similar triangles
  • The concurrence of medians and altitudes
  • Properties of angles, sides, and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle, and square,
  • Circles and their properties including tangents and normals


Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangles, and circles. Areas of figures which can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and volume of spheres.


Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation frequency polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts etc., Measures of central tendency.

Distribution of questions Topic-wise:

Topic Name Expected Questions Level of Difficulty
Mensuration 14 Easy
Algebra 7 Easy to Moderate
Mean-Median-Mode (Frequency Distribution Table) 4 Easy
Time speed and Distance 6 Easy
Number System 20 Easy to Moderate
Simple interest/Compound interest 5 Easy
Percentage 2 Easy
Profit/Loss 1 Easy
Mixture 1 Easy
Time and Work 3 Easy
Trigonometry 14 Moderate to Difficult
Set Theory 1 Easy
Clock 2 Easy
Geometry 20 Easy to Moderate

CDS-II Exam 2022 Cut Off Marks:

UPSC CDS-II Exam 2022 Cut-Off Marks will be released after the announcement of the result.  Every department will be assigned a cut-off. The cut-off marks will be based on the following factors: the difficulty level of the paper, Number of vacancies, Number of Students Appeared in the examination.

Important Books:


  • Objective General- S. P. Bakshi
  • Word Power Made Easy- Normen Lewis
  • Grammar basics- Wren and Martin’s

Elementary Mathematics:

  • Quantitative Aptitude- Dr. R. S. Aggarwal’s
  • Quicker Mathematics- M. Tyra

General Knowledge:

  • Geography & History:NCERT (Std 6th-12th)- NCERT (Std 6th-12th)
  • Polity & Economy- M laxmikant
  • International relations/events/diplomacy- NCERT (11th-12th)
  •  General Awareness – Pratiyogita Darpan, Manohar Pandey and Newspapers

Important Links to Download CDS Syllabus PDF

CDS-II 2022 Syllabus & Exam Pattern PDF download

UPSC CDS 1 Exam Syllabus 2022 & Exam Pattern PDF Download

UPSC CDS 2 Syllabus 2022 & Exam Patern PDF Download

UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Syllabus – Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What is the Exam Pattern for UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Exam?

The Detailed UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Exam Pattern is available @

What are the Subjects involved in UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Syllabus?

English, General Knowledge, Elementary Mathematics

How Many Questions will be asked in UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Exam 2022?

Check UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Exam Pattern available in above Post

For How Many Marks the UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Exam will be conducted?

The UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Exam conducted for IMA, INA and AFA – 300 OTA – 200

Where can I get the UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Syllabus PDF?

The UPSC CDS 1 & 2 Syllabus PDF is available @