BPSC 67th CCE Syllabus 2022 – Download Exam Pattern @ bpsc.bih.nic.in:
- BPSC 67th CCE Syllabus 2022 – Overview
- Check Bihar PSC 67th CCE Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2022 PDF
- BPSC 67th CCE Preliminary Exam Pattern
- BPSC 67th CCE Mains Exam Pattern 2022
- BPSC 67th CCE Syllabus Details:
- Preliminary Examination Syllabus:
- BPSC 67th CCE Main Examination Syllabus:
- General Hindi:
- General Studies Paper-I:
- General Studies Paper-II:
- About General Studies Paper-I:
- About General Studies Paper-II:
- Optional Papers in the BPSC 67th CCE Syllabus 2022:
- Commerce & Accountancy:
- Electrical Engineering:
- Mechanical Engineering:-
- Click Here for BPSC 67th CCE Syllabus 2022 PDF
- Get Bihar PSC 67th CCE Syllabus & Exam Pattern PDF in Hindi
The Officials of Bihar Public Service Commission has released the Notification for 67th Combined Competitive Examination on its official website. This article is about the BPSC 67th CCE Syllabus, i.e. BPSC 67th CCE Preliminary, Main Examination Syllabus and Exam Pattern. The officials have released the Latest BPSC 67th CCE Syllabus on its Official website @ bpsc.bih.nic.in along with the updated Exam Pattern PDF. So, all the candidates who applied for BPSC Jobs and those who are looking for the BPSC 66th CCE Syllabus 2022 can get the complete details from this page. Here we provide the latest BPSC Syllabus with updated Exam Patterns for the sake of the candidates here we will provide the direct link to Download the BPSC 67th CCE Syllabus 2022, and the BPSC 67th CCE Exam Pattern 2022. Click on the below available links and Download them now for free.
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BPSC 67th CCE Syllabus 2022 – Overview
|Name of the Organization||Bihar Public Service Commission|
|Examination name||67th Combined Competitive Exam|
|Selection Process||Written Test (Prelims and Mains Examination)|
Check Bihar PSC 67th CCE Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2022 PDF
BPSC 67th CCE Examination pattern is available on this page for the Candidates who have been looking Online. The Candidates can get the Exam Pattern along with BPSC 67th CCE Previous year question papers and Model papers along with Answer Sheets for their Exam Preparation. Click on the Available links at the End of the page and download the BPSC 67th CCE Question Papers and prepare well for the Examination.
BPSC 67th CCE Preliminary Exam Pattern
|Name of the Subject||Number of Marks||Time Duration|
|General Studies||150||2 Hours|
BPSC 67th CCE Mains Exam Pattern 2022
|Name of the Subject||Number of Marks||Time Duration|
|General Hindi||100||3 Hours for Each Paper|
|General Studies Paper 1||300||3 Hours for Each Paper|
|General Studies Paper 2||300||3 Hours for Each Paper|
|Optional Paper (Concerned Subject)||300||3 Hours for Each Paper|
BPSC 67th CCE Syllabus Details:
Preliminary Examination Syllabus:
The paper on General Studies will include questions covering the following fields of knowledge:-
- General Science
- Current events of national and international importance.
- History of India and salient features of the history of Bihar.
- General Geography and geographical division of Bihar and its major river systems.
- Indian Polity and Economy and major changes in the economy of Bihar in the post independence period.
- Indian National Movement and the part played by Bihar in it and also Questions on General Mental Ability.
- Questions on General Science will cover general appreciation and under-standing of science, including matters of everyday observation and experience, as may be expected of a well educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline.
- In History, emphasis will be on broad general under-standing of the subject in
its social, economic and political aspects. The candidates are expected to be familiar with the broad aspects of the history of Bihar.
- In Geography, emphasis will be on geography of India and Bihar. Questions on the Geography
of India and Bihar will relate to physical, social and economic Geography of the country including the main
features of Indian agricultural and natural resources.
- Questions of Indian Polity and Economy will test knowledge on the country’s political system, panchayati raj, community development and planning in India and Bihar.
- Question on the Indian National Movement will relate to the nature and character of the nineteenth
century resurgence, growth of nationalism and attainment of Independence and candidates will be expected to
answer questions on the role of Bihar in the freedom movement of India.
BPSC 67th CCE Main Examination Syllabus:
The paper will comprise of questions on:
- Essay writing (30 marks)
- Hindi Grammar (30 marks)
- Sentence Syntax (25 marks)
- Précis-writing/summary (15 marks)
General Studies Paper-I:
- Current events of national and international importance
- The modern history of India (middle of 19th century) and Indian culture – introduction and expansion of western education, Bihar’s role in the Indian freedom struggle, Birsa Movement, Santhal Uprising1857 in Bihar, Champaran Satyagrah, Quit India Movement 1942, Chief features of Mauryan and Pal Art and Patna Qulam painting.
- Statistical Analysis, Graphs & Diagrams – testing the candidate’s statistical analysis and ability to draw conclusions from graphs and diagrams.
General Studies Paper-II:
- Indian Geography
- Indian Polity
- Indian Economy
- The Role of Impact of Science and technology in the development of India.
About General Studies Paper-I:
In General Studies paper-I, Modern History of India and Indian Culture will cover the broad history of the country (with special reference to Bihar) from about the middle of nineteenth century. The modern history of Bihar will include questions on the introduction and expansion of western education (including technical education). It will also have questions on Bihar’s role in the freedom struggle of India. Questions will relate to the Santhal Uprising, 1857 in Bihar, Birsa movement, Champaran Satyagrah and the Quit India Movement 1942. A knowledge of the chief features of Mauryan and Pal art and Patna Qulam painting will be expected from the examinees. It would also include questions or Gandhi, Tagore and Nehru. The part relating to statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams will include exercises to test the candidate’s ability to draw common sense conclusions from information presented in statistical, graphical or diagrammatical form and to point out deficiencies, limitations or inconsistencies therein.
About General Studies Paper-II:
In Paper II, the part relating to Indian Polity, will include questions on the political system in India including
Bihar. In the part pertaining to the Indian Economy and Geography of India, questions will be put on planning in
India and the physical, economic and social geography of India and Bihar. In the third part relating to the role
and impact of science and technology in the development of India, questions will be asked to test the candidate’s
awareness of the role and impact of science and technology in India and Bihar Emphasis will be on applied
Optional Papers in the BPSC 67th CCE Syllabus 2022:
- Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
- Civil Engineering
- Commerce and Accountancy
- Electrical Engineering
- Labour and Social welfare
- Mechanical Engineering
- Political Science and Internation Relations
- Public Administration
- Indian Administration
- Sanskrit Language and Literature
- Persian Language and Literature
- Arabic Language and Literature
- Pali Language and Literature
- Hindi Language and Literature
- English Language and Literature
- Bengali Language and Literature
Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, their management and conservation. Physical and social
environment as factors of crop distribution and production. Climatic elements as factors of crop growth, impact
of changing environment on cropping pattern as indicators of environments. Environmental pollution and
associated hazards to crops, animals and humans.
Agro-climatic Zones of Bihar; Cropping pattern in different agro-climatic zones of the country-with special
reference to North Bihar, South Bihar, and Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana plateau. Impact of high-yielding
and short duration varieties on shifts in cropping patterns in Bihar. Concept of multiple cropping, mixed
cropping, relay and inter-cropping and their importance in relation to food production. Package of practices for
production of important cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fibre, sugar and commercial crops grown during kharif and rabi
seasons in different regions of the country. Important spices crops of Bihar-chillies, ginger, turmeric and
Important features, scope and propagation of various types of forestry plantations, such as extension/social
forestry, agro forestry and natural forests.
Weeds, their characteristics, dissemination and association with various crops, their multiplication; integrated
weed management; cultural, biological and chemical control of weeds.
Processes and factors of solid formation, classification of Indian soils including modern concepts, Major soil
types of Bihar; Mineral and organic constituents of soils and their role in maintaining soil productivity. Problem
soils-extent and distribution in India; Problems of soil salinity, alkalinity and acidity and their management.
Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial clements in soil and plants, their occurrence, factors aftecting their
distribution, functions and cycling in soils. Symbiotic and non-symbiotic nitrogen fixation, Principles of soil
fertility and its evaluation for judicious fertilçer use; bio-fertilçers. Problems of Tal Diara and chour lands
inBihar, cropping system in such situations.
Soil conservation planning on water-shed basis, Erosion and runoff management in foot hills and valley
lands; processes and factors aftecting them Dry land agariculture and its problems. Technolgoy for stabilising
agriculture production in rainfed agriculture area.
Water use efficiency in relation to crop production criteria for scheduling irrigations, ways and means of
reducing runoff losses of irrigation water. Drainage of Water-logged soils. Role of different command area
Development Agencies in agricultural development of Bihar.
Farm management, scope, importance and characteristics. Farm planning and budgeting. Economics of
different types of farming systems.
Marketing and pricing of agricultural inputs and outputs; price fluctuations, Types and systems of Farming
and factors affecting them. Role of Co-operative marketing and credit in agricultural development of Bihar.
Trend of agricultural production during the last two decades in Bihar Pace of land reforms in Bihar and
result out impact on agriculatural productivity.
Argicultural extension, its importance and role, methods of evaluation of extension programmes; Important
extension methods and media, rural leader ship, socio-economic survey and status of big, small and marginal
farmers and landless agricultural labourers. Farm mechançation and its role in agricultural production and rural
employment. Training programmes for extension workers. Krishi Vigyan Kendras, role of non-government
originations (N.G.Os) in extension.
I. Meaning and scope of Anthropology and its main branches: (1) Social-Cultural Anthropology, (2) Physical
Anthropology, (3) Archaeological Anthropology, (4) Linguistic Anthropology, (5) Applied Anthropology.
II. Community and Social Institutions, Group and association; culture and civilisation; band and tribe.
III. Marriage.- The problems of universal definition; incest and prohibited categories preferential forms of
marriage; marriage payments; the family as the corner stone of human society; universality and the family,
funcation of the family forms of family-usnclear, extended, joint etc. Stability and change in the family. Forms of
marriage. Family and marriage among polyandrous tribes.
IV. Kinship, Desecent, residence, alliance, kins terms and kinship behavior, Lineage and clan Kinship
V. Economic Anthropology; Meaning and scope; mode of exchanger; barter and ceremonial exchange,
reciprocity and redistribution; market and trade.
VI. Political Anthropology; Meaning and scope; The locus and power and the functions of legitimate authority
in different societies. Difference between State and Stateless political systems. Nation-building processes in new
State, law and Justice in simpler societies.
VII. Origins of religion animism and animatism. Difference between religions and magic. Totemism and Taboo.
VIII. Fieldwork and fieldwork traditions in Anthropology.
IX. Study of social organçation, youth organçation, Economic organçation, Political organçation and Religion
among Indian Tribes-Oraon, Munda, Ho, Santhal and Birhors of Bihar.
1. Foundation of the theory of organic evolution Lamarckism. Darwinism and the Synthetic theory, Human
evolution, biological and cultural dimensions, Microevolution.
2. The Order Primate.- A comprative study of Primates with special reference to the anthoropoid apes and
2. (a) Place of Man among animals. – Pisces, Amphibia, Reptiles, Aves, Mamalia, clarification of Mamalia and
2. (b) A comparative analysis of anatomical similarities and dissimilarities in man and apes. Intelligence and
social life of monkey and apes.
3. Fossil evidence of human evolution.- Lemurids, Tamrioids, Poragpithicus, Prophilopithicus, pliopithicus,
Lemnopithicus, Procunsul, Driopithicus, Ramapithecus, Australopithecines, Australopithecus Africanus,
Plesianthropus transvalensis, Australopithecus, Prometheus, Paranthropus robustus, Homoertus and
4. Genetics; Definitaion- The Mendelian principles and its application to human populations. The effects of
nutrition, inbreeding and hy-bridçation.
5. (a) Definition of Race;- concept of pure race; race, nation and linguistic groups; race and cultural activities;
Racism and dangerous myth.
(b) Racial differentiation of Man and bases of racial classification morphological serilogical and genetic, Role of
heredity and environment in the formation of races.
(c) Bass/criterias of racial classification skin colour, Hair, stature, Head form, face form, nose, eye, types of
6. Varieties of the Modern Races of Man- the three major races and their sub-races, caucaosoids and its
subdivisions. Archaic caucosoid races, Mongoloids and its subdivisions, Negroids and its subdivisions. The
American Negros, a comparative study of their Physical genetic and intelligence, similarties and differences.
7. Races in India:-
1. Classification of Riseley with his criticisms
Classification of Haldon
Classification of Eickutodt
Classification of Guha
Classification of Sarkar
The Negrito Racial Elements In India
1. Microbiology:- Viruses, bacteria plasmids-structure and reproduction. General account of infection and
immunology. Microbes in agriculture, industry and medicine, and air, soil and water. Control of pollution using
2. Pathology- Important plant diseases in India caused by viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma fungi and nematodes.
Modes of infection, dissemination, physiology of parasitism and methods of control. Mechanic of action of
biocides. Fungal toxins.
3. Cryptogams- Structure and reproduction from evolutionary aspect, and ecology and economic importance of
algae, fungi, bryophytes and pteridophytes. Principal distribution in India.
4. Phanerogams:- Anatomy of wood secondary growth Anatomy of C2 and C2 plants, stomatal types,
Fmbroyology, barriers to sexual incompatibility. Seed structure. Apomixis and polyembroyony Polynology and
its applications. Comparison of systems of classification of angiosperms. Modern trends is biosystematics.
Taxonomic and economic importance of cyadacoae, Pinacoee, Gentabes, Magnoliacea. Ramunculaceae,
Cruciferac, Rosaceae. Leguminosee Euploiacece, Malvaceae. Dipterocarpaceae, Umbellifcrae, Asclepiadaceae,
Verbenaceae, Solanaoceae, Pubiaceae Cucuribitaceae, Compositae, Gramineae, Palmae, Liliaceae, Musaceae and
5. Morphogenesis – Polarity, symmetry and totiuotency. Differentiation and dedifferentiation of cells and
organs, Factors of morphogenes Methodology and applications of cell, tissue, organ and protoplant cultures from
vegetative and reproductive parts Somatic hybrids.
1. Cell Biology—Scope and perspective. General Knowledge of modern tools and techniques in the study of
cytology. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic selis-structural and ultrastructural details Functions of organelles including
membrances. Detailed study of mitosis, meiosis. Numerical and structural variations in chromosome and their
significance, study of polytene and lampbrush chromosomes structure, behavior and cytological significance.
2. Genetics and Evolution- Development of genetics and gene concept. Structure and role of nucleic acids in
protein synthesis and reproduction. Genetic code and regulation of gene expression, Gene amplification Mutation and evolution. Multiple factors linkage and crossing over. Methods of gene mapping. Sex chromosomes and sex-
linked inheritance. Malesterility, its significance in plant breeding. Cytoplasmic inheritance elements of human genetic. Standard deviation and Chi-square analysis Gene transfer in micro-organisms. Genetic engineering.
Organic evolution evidence, mechanism and theories.
3. Physiology and Biochemistry- Detailed study of water relations. Mineral nutrition and ion/transport. Mineral
deficiencies Photosynthesis mechanism and importance, photosystems I and II, photorespiration, Respiration and
fermentation. Nitrogen fixation and nitrogen metabolism. Protein synthesis. Eæymes, Importance of secondary
metabolites. Pigments as photoreceptors, photoporiodism, flowering.
Growth indices, growth movements. Sahescence.
Growth substance- Their chemical nature, role and applications in agrihorticulture.
Agrochemicals, Stress physiology, Vernalçation Fruit and seed physiology- dormancy, storage and germination
of seed, Perthenocarphy fruit ripening.
4. Ecology- Ecological factors. Concept and dynamics of community, succession. Concept of biospheres.
Conservation of ecosystems. Pollution and its control. Forest types of India. Aforestation, deforestation and
social forestry. Endangered plants.
5. Economic Botnay- Origin of cultivated plants. Stydy of plants as sources of food, fodder and forage, fatty
oils, wood and timber, fiber, paper rubber, bevarages, alcohol, drugs, narcotics, resins and gums essential oils,
dyes, mucilage, insecticides and pesticides. Plant indicators, Ornamental plants, Energy plantation.
1. Atomic structure and Chemical bonding: Quantum theory, Haisenberg’s uncertainty principle, Schrodinger
wave equation (time independent). Interpretation of the wave function, particle in a one-dimensional box, quantum members, hydrogen atom wave functions. Shapes of s p and d orbitals Ionic bond; Lattice energy, Born-
Haber Cycle, Fajan’s Rule dipole moment, characteristics of ionic compounds, electronegativity differences covalent bond and its general characteristics valence bond approach. Concept of resonance and resonance
energy. Electronics configuration of H2+H2. N2, O2, F2, NO, CO and HF molecules in terms of molecular
orbital approach. Sigma and pibonds. Bond order, bond strength and bond length.
2. Thermodynamics – Work heat and energy. First law of thermodynamics. Enthalpy, heat capacity Relationship between Cp and Cv. Laws of thermochemistry, Kirchoff’s equation. Spontaneous and non-
spontaneous changes, second law of thermodynamics. Entropy changes in gases for reversible and irreversible processes. Third law of thermodynamics. Free energy, variations of free energy of a gas with temperature,
pressure and volume. Gibbs-Helmbolty equation. Chemical potential. Thermodynamic criteria for equilibrium.
Free energy change in chemical reactions and equilibrium constant. Effect of temperature and pressure on
chemical equilibrium. Calculation of equilibrium constants from thermodynamic measurements.
3. Solid State—Forms of solids, law of constancy of interfacial angles. Crystal systems and crystal classes
(crystallorgaphi groups) Designation of crystal faces, lattice structure and unit cell. Laws of rational indices.
Bragg’s law, X-ray diffraction by crystals. Defects in crystals. Elementary study of liquid crystals.
4. Chemical kinetics- Order and molecularity of reaction. Rate equations (differential and intergrated forms) of
zero, first and second order reaction. Half life of a raction. Effect of temperature, pressure and catalysts on
reaction rates. Collission theory of reaction rates of bimolecular reactions. Absolute reaction rate theory. Kinetics
of polymerçation and photo chemical reactions.
5. Electrochemistry – Limitations of Arrhenius theory of dissociation, Debye Muckel theory of strong
electrolytes and its quantitative treatment. Electrolytic conductance theory and theory of activity coefficients.
Derivation of limiting laws for various equalibria and transport properties of electrolyte solutions.
6. Concentration cells, liquid junction potential, application of e.m.f. measurements of fuel cells.
7. Photochemistry- Absorption of light. Lambert-Beer’s law, Laws of photo chemistry. Quantum efficiency.
Reasons for high and low quantum yields. Photoelectric cells.
8. General Chemistry of ‘d’ block elements:
(a) Electronic configuration: Introduction to theories of bonding in transition metal complexes, crystal field
Theory and its modification; applications of the theories in the explanation of magnetism and electronic spectra
of meta complexs.
(b) Metal Carbonyls: Cyclopentadienyl, Olefin and acetylene complexes.
(c) Compoundes with metal- metals bonds and metal atom clusters.
9. General Chemistry of ‘f ‘ block elements: Lanthanides and actinides; separation, Oxidation, states, magnetic
and spectral properties.
10. Reactions in non-aqueous solevent (liquid ammonia and sulphur dioxide).
Commerce & Accountancy:
Accounting and Finance
Part-I : Accounting, Auditing and Taxation.
Accounting as a financial information system- Imapact of behavioral sciences – Methods of accounting of
changing price levels with particular reference to current Purchasing Power (CPP) accounting Advanced
problems of companies accounts – Amalgamatiin absorption and reconstruction of companies- Accounting of
holding companies – Valuation of shares and goodwill. Controllership functions- Property control legal and
Important provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 – Definition Charge of Income Tax- Exemptions
Depreciation and investmet allowance – Simple problems of computation of income under the various heads and
determination of assessable income – Income Tax authorities.
— Nature and functions of Cost Accounting – Cost classification – Tenchiques of segregating semivariable costs
into fixed and variable components – job costing – FIFO and weighted average methods or calculating equivalent
units of production – Reconcilation of cost and financial accounts-Marginal Costing-Cost volume profit
relationship: Algebraic formula and graphical representation – Shut down point – Techniques of cost control and
cost reduction – Budgetary control flexible Budgets – Standard costing and variance analysis –Responsibility
accounting-Bases of charging overheads and their inhererent fallacy – Costing for pricing decisions.
Significance of the attest function – Programming the audit work – Valuation and verfication of assets,
fixed, wasting and current assets – Verification of liabilities – Audit of limited companies – appointment status,
powers, duties and liabilities of the auditor – Auditor’s report – Audit of share capital and transfer of shares –
Special points in the audit of banking and insurance companies.
Part-II: Business Finance and Financial Institutions
Concept and scope of Financial Management – Financial goals of corporations – capital Budgeting Rules of the
thumb and discounted cash flow approaches – Incorporating uncertainty in investment decision–designing an
optimal capital structure – Weighted average cost of capital and the controversy surrounding the Modigliani and
Miller model, sources of raising short term, intermediate and longterm finace – Role of public and convertible
debentures–Norms and guidelines regarding debtequity rations – Determinants of an optional divident policy–
optimissing models of James E. walter and John Lintner– Forms of divident payment – Structure of working
capital and the variable, affecting, the level of difference of components – Cash flow approach of forecasting
working capital needs – Profiles of working capital in Indian industries – Credit management and credit policy –
Consideration of tax in relation to financial planning and cash flow statements.
Organization and deficiencies of Indian Money Market structure of assets and liabilities of commercial
banks – Achievements and failures of Nationalisation – Regional rural banks – Recommendations of the Tandon
(P.L) study group on following of bank credit, 1976 and their revision by the Chore (K.B) Committee, 1979 – An
assessment of the monetary and credit policies of the Reserve Bank of India- Constituents of the Indian Capital
Market – Functions and working of All India term financial institutions (IDBI. IFCI. ICICI and IRCI) –
Investment policies of the Life Insurance Corporation of India and the Unit Trust of India – Present State of stock
exchanges and their regulation .
Provision of the Negotiable instruments Act, 1881. Crossings and endorsements with particular reference to statutory protection to the paying and collecting bankers – Salient provision of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 with regard to chartering, supervision and regulation of banks.
Steady state analysis of D.C and A.C., networks, network theorems, Matrix Algebra, network functions,
transient response, frequency response, Laplace transform, fourier series and fourier transform, frequency
spectral plezero concept, elementary network synthesis.
Static and Magnetics:
Analysis of electrostatic and magentostatic fields, Laplace and Poisson Equations, solution of boundary
value problems, Maxwell’s equations, electromagnetic wave propagation, ground and space waves, prospagation
between earth station and satellites.
Basic methods of measurements, standards, error analysis, indicating instruments cathode ray oscillo-scope,
measurement of voltage current, power, resistance, inductance, Capacitance, time, frequency and flux, electronic
Vaccum and semiconductor devices, equivalent circuits transistor parameters, determination of current and
voltage gain and input and output impedances biasing techniques, single and multistage, audio and radio small
signal and large signal amplifiers and their analysis reedback amplifiers and oscillators: wave haping circuits and
time base generators, analysis of different types of multivilerator and their uses, digital circuits.
Generator of e.m f., m.m.f. and torque in rotating machinens, motor and generator characteristics of d.c
synchronous and induction machines equivalent circuits, computation parallel operation, phasor diagram and
equivalent, circuits of power transformer, determination of performance and efficiency, auto-transformers, 3-
Principles of Geography:-
Part-A: Physical Geography:
(i) Geomorphology – Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust: earth movements and plate tectonics; volcanism;cycle of erosion.- Davis and Penck; fluvial, glacial, arid and karst land-forms; rejuvenated and polycyclic land-
(ii) Climatology: – The atomosphere, its structure and composition; air masses and fronts; cyclones and related
phenomena; climatic classification; koeppon and Thornthwait; groundwater and hydrological cycle.
(iii) Soils and vegetation- Soil genesis, classification and distribution: ecological aspects of savanna and
monsoon forest biomes.
(iv) Oceanography: – Ocean bottom relief. Relief of Indian Ocean floor. Salinity. currents and tides; ocean
deposits and coral reefs;
(v) Ecosystem. – Ecosystem concept, Man’s impact on the ecosystem, global ecological imbalances.
Part-B: Human and Economic Geography
(i) Development of Geographical Thought: – Contributions of European and British Geographers, determinism
and possiblilism; Dualism in Geography, quantitative and behavioural revolutions in geography.
(ii) Human Geography- Emergence of man and races of mankind cultural evolution of man; major cultural
relams of the world; international migrations, past and present; world population-distribution and growth;
demographic transtition and world population.
(iii) Settlements Geography: – Concepts of rural and urban settlements, Organs of Urbançation; Rural settlement
patterns; city classifications; urban spheres of influence and the rural urban fringe, the internal structure of cities;
problems of urban growth in the world.
(iv) Political Geography:- Concepts of nation and state; frontiers, boundaries, and buffer zones; concept of
heartland and rimland;federalism.
(v) Economic Geography.- World economic development-measurement and problems; concept of resources,
world resources, their distribution and global problems; world energy crisis; and limits to growth; world
agriculture-typology and world agricultural regions; theory of agriculturaral location, world industry-theory of
location of industries; world industrial patterns and problems; world trade and world trade patterns.
Part A- History of India (Down to A.D. 750)
1. The Indus Civilisation
Origins extent, characteriatic features, major cities, trade and contacts, causes of decline, survival and continuity.
2. The Vedic age
Vedic literature. Geographical area known to vedic texts. Differences and similarities between Indus Civilisation
and Vedic culture. Politcal, social and economic patterns.Major religious ideas and rituals.
3. The Pre-Maurya Period
Religious movements (Jainism. Budhism and other sects). Social and economic conditions. Republics and
growth of Magadha imperialism.
4. The Maurya Empire
Sources, rise, extent and fall of the empire administration .Social and economic conditions. Ashoka’s policy and
5. The Post-Maurya Period (200 B.C-300 A.D).
Principal dynasties in Northern and Southern India. Economy and Society, Sanskrit, Prakrit and Tamil, Religion
(Rise of Mahayana and theistic cults). Art (Gandhara, Mathura and other schools). Contacts with Central Asia.
6. The Gupta Age
Rise and fall of the Gupta Empire, the Vakatakas. Administration, Society, economy, literature, art and religion.
Contacts with South Asia.
7. Post-Gupta Period (B.C 500-750 A.D)
Pushy-bhutis. The Muakharis. The later Guptas. Harshavardhana and his times. Chalukyas of Badami. The
Pallavas society. administration and art. The Arab conquest.
8. General review of science and technology, education and learning.
Part-I: Constitutional Law of India
1. Nature of the Indian Constitution’ the distinctive features of its federal character.
2. Fundamental Right; Directive Principles and their Relationship with Fundamental Right; Fundamental
3. Right to Equality.
4. Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression.
5. Right to Life and Personal Liberty.
6. Religious, Cultural and Educational Rights.
7. Constitutional position of the President and relationship with the Council Ministers.
8. Governor and his powers.
9. Supreme Court and high Courts, their powers and jurisdiction.
10. Unon Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commission:
their powers and functions.
11. Principles of Natural Justice.
12. Distribution of Legislative powers between the Union and the States.
13. Delegated legislation its constitutionality. Judicial and legislative controls.
14. Administrative and Financial Relations between the Union and the States.
15. Trade. Commerce and Intercourse in India;
16. Emergency provisions.
17. Constitutional safeguards to Civil Servants.
18. Parliamentary Privileges and immunities.
19. Amendment of the Constitution.
Part-II: International Law
1. Nature of International Law.
2. Sources: Treaty; Custom, General Principles of Law recognçed by civilçed nations. Subsidiary means for
the determination of Law Resolutions of International organs and regulations of Specialçed Agencies.
3. Relationship between International Law and Municipal Law.
4. State Recognition and State Succession.
5. Territory of States: modes of acquisition, boundaries, International Rivers.
6. Sea: Inland Waters, Territorial sea, Contiguous Zone, Continenatal shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone and
ocean beyond national jurisdiction.
7. Air space and aerial navigation.
8. Outer space: Explotation and use of Outer Space.
9. Individuals. Nationality Statelessness; Human Rights and Procedures available for their enforcement
10. Jurisdiction of States: bases of jurisdiction, immunity from jurisdiction.
11. Extradition and Asylum.
12. Diplomatic Missions and Concular Posts.
13. Treaties: Formation, application and termination.
14. State Responsibility.
15. United Nations: Its Principal organs, powers and functions.
16. Peaceful settlement of disputes.
17. Lawful recourse to force; aggression, self defence, intervention.
18. Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of nuclear weapons; Nuclear Non-Proliferation
The candidate should make a study of the development of the field of management as a systematic body of
knowledge and acquaint himself adequately with the contributions of leading authorities on the subject. He
should study the role, function and behaviour of a manager and relevance of various concepts and theories to the
Indian context. Apart from these general concepts, the candidate should study the environment of business and
also attempt to understand the tools and techniques of decision making.
Organisational Behaviour and Management Concepts, Significance of social psychological factors for
understanding organçational behaviour, Relevance of theories of motivation; Contribution of Maslow. Herzberg,
McGregor, McClelland and other leading authorities, Research studies in leadership. Management by Objectives.
Small group and intergroup behaviour. Application of these concepts for understanding the managerial role,
conflict and cooperation, work norms and dynamics of organçational behaviour. Organisational change.
Organisational design: Classical, neo-classical and open systems theories of organçation, Centralisation,
decentralçation, delegation, authority and control. Organisational structure, systems and processes, strategies, policies and objectives, Decision making communication and control. Management information system and role
of computer in management.
National Income, analysis and its use in business forecasting. Trends and structure in Indian Economy,
Government programmes and policies. Regulatory Policies: monetary fiscal and planning, and the impact of such
macro-policies on enterprise decisions and plans-Demand analysis and forecasting, cost analysis, pricing
decisions under different market structures – pricing of joint products, and price discrimination – capital
budgeting – applications under Indian conditions. Choice of projects and cost benefit analysis choice of
Classical Optimization: maxima and minima of single and several variables; optimçation under constraints –
Applications. Linear Programming: Problem formulation – Graphical Solution Simplex Method Duality – post
optimality, analysis – Applications of integer Programming and dynamic Programming – Formulation of
Transportation and assignment Models of linear Programming and methods of solution.
Statistical Methods. Measures of Central tendencies and variations – Application of Binominal. Poison and
Normal distributions. Time series – Regression and correlation Tests of Hypotheses – Decision marking under
risk: Decision Trees Expected Monetary Value – Value of Information – Application of Bayes Theorem to
posterior analysis. Decision making under uncertainty. Different criteria for selecting optimum stragegies.
Vector space bases, dimension of finitely generated space. Linear transformations, Rank and nulity of a
linear transformation, Cayley Hamilton theorem. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors.
Matrix of a linear transformation. Row and Column reduction. Echelon form. Equivalence. Congruence and
similarity. Reduction to canonical forms.
Orthogonal, symmetrical, skew-symmetrical, unitary, Hermitian and Skew-Hermitian matrices – their
eigenvalues, orthogonal and unitary reduction of quadric and Hermitian forms, positive definite quadratic forms.
Real numbers, limits, continuity, differentiability, Mean-Value theorem, Taylor’s theorem, indeterminate
forms, Maxima and Minima, Curve Tracing, Asymptotes, Functions of several variables, partial derivatives.
Maxima and Minima, Jacobian. Definite and indefinite integrals, double and triple intergrals (techniques only).
Application to Beta and Gamma functions. Areas, Volumes, Centre of gravity.
Analytic Geometry of two and three dimensions:
First and second degree equations in two dimensions in Cartesian and polar conrdinates. Plane, Sphere,
Paraboloid, Ellipsoid. Hyperboloid of one and two sheets and their elementary properties. Curves in space,
curvature and torsion. Frenet’s formula.
Order and Degree and a differential equation, differential equation of first order and degree, variables
separable. Homogeneous, Linear and exact differential equations. Differential equations with constant
coefficients. The complementary function and the particular integral of eax, cosax , sinax, xm, eax , cosbx, eax ,sin bx.
Vector, Tensor, Statics, Dynamics and Hydrostatics:
(i) Vector Analysis – Vector Algebra, Differential of Vector function of a scalar variable, Gradient, Divergence
and Curl in Cartesian Cylindrical and spherical co-ordinates and their physical interpretation. Higher order
derivatives. Vector indentities and Vector equations, Gauss and Stocks theorems.
(ii) Tensor Analysis – Definition of Tensor, transformation of co-ordinates, contravariant and covariant tensor.
Addition and multiplication of tensors, contraction of tensors, Inner product, fundamental tensor, chirstofel
symbols, covariant differentiation. gradient, Curl and divergene in tensor notation.
(iii) Statics – Equilibrium of a system of particles, work and potential energy. Friction, Common catenary.
Princlple of Virtual Work stability of equilibrium, Equlibrium of forces in three dimensions
(iv) Dynamics – Degree of freedom and constraints. Rectilinear motion. Simple harmonic motion. Motion in a
plane. Projectiles. Constrained motion. Work and energy motion under implusive forces. Kepler’s laws. Orbits
under central forces. Motion of varying mass. Motion under resistance.
(v) Hydrostatics – Pressure of heavy fluids. Equilibrium of fluids under given system of forces Centre of
pressure. Thrust on curved surfaces, Equilibrium and pressure of gases, problems relating to atmosphere.
Statics – Equalibrium in three dimension suspension cables, principle of virtual work.
Dynamics – Relative motion coriolis force motion, of a rigid body. Gyrsocpic motion impulse.
Theory of Machines – Higher and lower pairs, inversions, sterign mechanisms. Hooks joint velocity and
acceleration of links, interia forces. Cama conjugate action of gearing and interference, gear trains epicyclic
gears. Clutches, belt drives, brakes dynamometers, flywheels governors. Balancing of rotating and reciprocating
masses and multicylinder engines. Free, forced and damped vibrations for a single degree of freedom. Degrees of
freedom critical speed and whirling of shafts.
Mechanics of solids. – Stress and strain in two dimension. Mohr’s circle. Theories of failure, deflection of
beams. Buckling of columns, combined binding and torsion castiglapo’s theorem. Thick cylinders rotating disks
Shrink fit. Thermal stresses.
Manufacturing Science – Merchant’s theory Taylors equation. Machineability. Unconventional machining
methods including EDM, ECM and ultrasonic machining. Use of lesers and plasms. Analysis of forming
processes high velocity forming expolsive forming. Surface roughness, gauging comparators, Jigs and Fixtures.
Production Management- Work simplification work sampling value engineering. Line balancing, work station
design, storage space requirement. A B C analysis. Economic order, quanitity including finite production rate.
Graphical and simplex methods for linear programming; transportation model, elementary quieing theory.
Quality control and its uses in product design. Use of X, R, P (Sigma) and C charts. Single sampling plans,
operating characteristic curves, average sample sçe Regression analysis.
Conservation Laws. Collisions, impact parameter, scattering cross-section. Centre of mass and Lab-systems with
transformation of physical quantities, Rutherford Scattering. Motion of a rocket under constant force field.
Rotating formes of reference, Coriolis force, Motion of rigid bodies, Angular momentum, Torque and procession
of a top, Gyroscope. Central forces, Motion under inverse square law, Kepler’s Laws, Motion of Satellites
(including geostationery). Galilean Relativity, Speical Theory of Relativity, Micheloson-Morley Experiement,
Lorentz Transformation – addition theorem of velocities, Variation of mass with, Velocity, Mass Energy
equivalence, Fluid dynamics, streamlines, turbulence, Beronullis Equation with simple applications.
2. Thermal Physics:
Laws of thermodynamics, Entroypy, Carnot’s cycle, Isothermal and Adiabatic changes, Thermodynamic
Potenials Maxwell’s relations. The Clausius-Clapey ren equation reversible cell, Joule-Kelvin effect etc. fan
boltazmann Law, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Maxwell’s Distribution Law of velocities, Equipartition of energy,
Specific heats of gases Mean free path, Brownian Motion. Black body radiation, specific heat of solids –
Einstean and Dbye theories, Wein’s Law, Plankc’s Law, solar constant. Thermalionçation and Stellar spectra.
Production of law temperatures using adrabatic remagnalçation and deduction refrigeration, concept of negative
3. Waves and Oscillations.
Oscillations, Simple harmonic motion, stationary and travelling waves, Damped harmonic motion, forced
oscillation and Resonance. Wave equation, harmonic Solutions, Plane and Spherical waves, Superposition of
waves, phase and group velocities, Beats. Huygen’s principle, Interference. Differaction-Fresnel and Fraunhofer.
Diffraction by statight edge, single and multiple slits, Re-solving power of grating and Optical Instruments.
Ravleigh Criterion. Polarçation, Production and detection of polarçed light (linera, circular and elliptical). Laser
sources (Helium-Neon, Ruby and semiconductor diode) Concept of spatial and temporal coherence diffraction as
a fourier transformation. Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction by rectangular and circular apertures, Holography;
theory and applications.
1. Electricity and Magnetism:-
Columb’s Law, Electric field. Gauss’s law, Electric-potential Possion and laphlace equation for a homogeneous
dietectric, uncharged conducting sphere in a uniform field, point chage and infinite conducting plane. Magnetic
Shell Magnetic induction and field strength. Blot-Savart law and applications. Electromagnetic induction,
Faraday’s and Leæ’s laws, self and mutual inductances. Alternating currents. L.C.R. circuits series and parallel
resonace circuits, quality factor. Kirchoff’s laws with application. Maxwell’s equations and electromagnetic
waves, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Poynting vector. Magnetic fileds in matter – dia para, ferro
antiferro and ferri magnetism (qualitative approach only).
2. Modern Physics:
Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom. Electron spin, optical and X-ray Spectra. Stern – Gerlach experiment and
spatical quantçation. Vector model of the atom, spectral terms, fine structure of spectral fines. J-J and L.S
coupling Zeeman effect, Paull’s; oxclusion principle, spectral term of two equivalent and non equivalent
electorns. Gross and fine structure of electroic band Spectra. Raman effect. Phototelectric effect. Compton effect,
debroglie waves. Wave particle duality and uncertainty principle. Schrodingr wave equation with application to
(i) particle in a box (ii) motion across a step potential, one dimentional harmonic oscillator eigen values and
eigon functions. Uncertainty Priciple Radioactivity, Alpha, Beta and Gamma radiations. Elementary theory of the
alpha decay. Nuclear binding energy. Mass spectroscopy, Semi empirical mass fourmula. Nuclear fission and
fusion. Elementary Reactor physics Elementary particle their classification. Strong and weak electro magnetic
intractions. Particle accelerators; cyclotron. Linear accelerations. Elementary ideas of super conductivity.
Band theory of Solids- Conductors, insulators and semiconductors. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor P.N
junction, Thermistor, Zenner diodes reverse and forward biased P. N Junction, Solar cell use of diodes and
transistors for rectification, emplification, oscillation, modulation and detection of r.f. waves. Transistor receiver,
Television Logic Gates.